Literacy in india essay

conclusion of illiteracy in india

Government efforts[ edit ] National Literacy Mission[ edit ] The National Literacy Mission, launched inaimed at attaining a literacy rate of 75 per cent by Today, however, China is far ahead of India, and even has literacy rates comparable to those of Kerala in the younger age groups.

Over time, a set of factors have emerged as being key to success: official will to succeed, deliberate steps to engage the community in administering the programme, adequate funding for infrastructure and teachers, and provisioning additional services which are considered valuable by the community such as free school lunches.

Literacy in india essay

This may look cheap, but poor parents are likely to differ. Since teachers have permanent posts, with salaries unrelated to performance, they have little incentives for exerting themselves. The campaign to achieve at least the threshold literacy level represents the largest ever civil and military mobilisation in the country. There has to be money for books, slates, fees, clothes, and other expenses. If we divide that figure by the total number of institutions, the ratio is students per facility, which is a reasonable number for secondary education, but it is an immense number for primary schools. Another variant is that interest in education is inherently low among tribal communities. Tripura attained

For example, J K group has helped over 29, citizens of India, mostly village women, to move towards literacy — which means being able to sign their name, read sign boards and handle money, in local languages in eight different states.

After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Third, children from disadvantaged castes are still discriminated against within the schooling system. With a literacy level between 75 and 90 per cent, this belt of high literacy rates turns abruptly eastwards along the northern margins of Maharashtra.

Poverty and illiteracy in india essay

First, the transition from mass illiteracy to near-universal primary education has taken place over a much shorter period of time in Himachal Pradesh. In Himachal Pradesh, village leaders are more likely to clamour for collective facilities such as roads, electricity, drinking water and primary schools. Literacy reflects the socio-economic and cultural set-up of a nation, ethnic group or community. Over 90 per cent of the population aged 7 years and above is literate in the state. A more pertinent interpretation is that elementary education should not involve any expenditure for the parents. The gender division of labour confines many adult women to household work and some family labour in agriculture. In highly in-egalitarian states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, village leaders act as powerful intermediaries between the state and the people, and routinely use state resources as instruments of patronage and individual gain.

After 10 years of secondary schooling, students typically enroll in Higher Secondary Schooling in one of the three major streams—liberal arts, commerce or science.

Patterns of Indian Literacy 2. In the paragraph above, I mentioned that literacy is often wrongly linked with education, which does not mean that they are not associated.

essay on importance of literacy in life

This observation refers in particular to the absence of sharp inequalities of land ownership the incidence of landlessness, for instance, is very low in Himachal Pradesh ; to the relatively narrow social distance between different castes; and to the high participation of women in social life outside the household.

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Essay on Literacy in India