Contribution of agricultural product to the
Importance of agriculture
For Type la and 1b economies, extension may have a strong level effect if it is effective. There is a saying on all the flags and banners of the Peasant Party: 'Feed and protect. It also became obvious that this way of ensuring food security was very costly, indeed. Privatisation of land has made considerable progress in all of these countries. But it also became clear that the majority did not like surplus production and felt that support should go only to those who need it. In contrast, the nine studies that relied on an extension supply variable such as the number of extension staff made available in a region or to a group of farms have a high proportion of highly significant estimates. Why not treat construction industries or extracting industries in the same way, as a special case also?
Higher levels of farmer schooling reduced the impact of extension, and vice versa. The shift in beliefs, however, will have its impact on the kind of support if not on its size.
This attitude is changing toward that held in Western Europe.
Contribution of agriculture in industrial development
In Western Europe there is a focus on rural life and its symbolic values for all who felt uncomfortable with the hostile modernisation of society triggered by industrialisation and urbanisation. Regional disparities do not exist only in the European Community, they have become a problem in Central Europe too. Table 2. There is no reason to treat agriculture as a special part of the economy. European landscape is the result of centuries of human endeavour, not the least of the work by farmers. Secondly, agro-based industries, generally, have flexible techniques of production. This did not change fundamentally with the enlargements in , and To the contrary, as farming alone under modem conditions can no longer keep rural societies alive, support for non-agricultural activities is increasingly being granted under programmes for the development of rural areas. But support was more and more considered excessive and the budgetary implications unbearable. Mining and ore extracting industries are in a terrible situation, construction industries, also. So, in a way, we can say that in the case of development of international trade, agriculture combines market contribution with factor contribution for the development of non-agricultural sectors. These are very big farms. As economies move to the Type 1c category, some new technology has been introduced BPBI has risen , and the institutions gap has been further reduced. During the first one and one-half years it was in force, from to the middle of , we did not have an agricultural policy.
The CAP has even an added value for European integration. Assessing the role of agriculture It is interesting that the importance of agriculture in the economy in the six original member states in the late s appears statistically very similar to Poland today in terms of agricultural employment as a share of total employment and the contribution of agriculture as a share of the total economy.
Albania is China. For the purpose of this paper it appears preferable to focus on the CEFTA-countries, which show a certain similarity as far as the starting point of transition and the achievements of reform are concerned.
The attractiveness of the CAP is not sufficient to explain these phenomena.
Contribution of agriculture to economic development in india
For example, Marx was very hostile in his attitude towards peasants. Arias, Ed. Not surprisingly, justifications change over time. So there is a conflict of interests - also among the communists. This could also be visualized as a time sequence. On labour the Green Book wants to keep a substantial part of the workforce in agriculture, but it also recognises the need for increasing productivity further. The practices gap, G P , has been both opened because BPBI increased and closed because of continued teaching and because new practices now can be extended. Despite relatively high market prices the traditional structures changed. New concerns and shifting values In the European Community the farming community has a hostile reaction to programmes that reduce arable areas. Very few of these were actually negative. If somebody would come to me and ask for special preferential credits for agriculture, or for any special treatment of agriculture, I would resign immediately. But this did not affect the essence of the traditional family farm.
Extension information then may have a higher impact on farmers with less schooling. Should such farms have preferential treatment?
These four aspects and the ingredient of cultural nostalgia ensured a particular place for the farmer in society. They thought that they could survive and develop with the new market environment.
Contribution of industry to agriculture
The adoption of improved practices will typically occur at some rate in the absence of extension services, depending on schooling and infrastructure. Very few of these were actually negative. References Arias, D. The compulsory from of flow of funds is generally brought about by the government of the day through taxation on the agricultural sector its net proceeds being spent for the development of the non-agricultural sectors. Second, they show a difference between Type 1 and Type 2 developing economies. If somebody would come to me and ask for special preferential credits for agriculture, or for any special treatment of agriculture, I would resign immediately. The history of the Common Agricultural Policy CAP can be seen as the history of attempts to limit the cost of support. These institutions include those providing processing, packing and distribution services. There was also never any doubt that Europe was largely shaped by the work of European farmers. Agricultural sector, while helping the development of the other sectors, also finds the income of its people increasing. Since Marx was very popular in socialist countries for political reasons, rural life, traditional family values, individual holdings and all these things were viewed by Marxists as something old fashioned that should be modernised.
The reasons were the particular social structure around the family farm, the volatility of production, low elasticity of demand and differences in yields, input-prices and revenues between the different regions.
I remember in one of the American publications the saying, "Get big, or get out.
based on 38 review