An overview of the lifestyle and culture of the inuit people

By occupations that were completely new to them, like in health care and local administration, but also in Inuit arts, the women with their earned money were able to contribute like the men to the livelihood of their families.

These were tent-like huts constructed of stone, grass, and snow. Inupik speakers are in the majority and reside in an area stretching from Greenland to western Alaska.

Inuit rituals

Entire regions of the high Arctic were depopulated , partly by mass migrations but also by the starvation of entire communities. Girl children played with string figures within the igloos, as preparation for learning to sew and partly as a ritual act. Many Inuit tried to continue their traditional way of living in their ancestral regions while adapting to the new conditions. In order to create a cushion of warm air, the clothing was loosely tailored and worn in two layers, the outer one with the hair inside, the inner one with the hair outside. Depending on the seasons up to sixteen according to old traditions , they followed the animals they hunted for clothing and nourishment. There is an element of uncertainty to their culture. In the winter, Inuit lived in round houses made from blocks of snow called "igloos". Husky-like dogs were purposely bred to pull heavily loaded sleds whilst on land-based hunts, whereas to facilitate fishing, Inuits built boats of varying sizes, lined with animal furs. The Spring issue of The Earth Scientist , focuses on the ocean, including articles on polar research, coral reefs, ocean acidification, and climate. Prior to that, the Inuit used these dogs as hunting partners. They also brought with them infectious diseases that substantially reduced the Inuit population in some areas. Photo Credit: Shutterstock Inuit Culture in the 21st century What contributed to the preservation of the Inuit culture, up until a few decades ago, had all to do with the very harsh conditions of their chosen latitude. The United Nations Environment Programme has called for increased environmental monitoring in the Arctic regions. Ultimately, it is being acknowledged that awareness of the Inuit culture and their environment will not only benefit their survival, it will in the long run help us all. However, many of native religious beliefs still linger.

At the front of the sledge is the brushbow, a piece of wood shaped as a crescent, to clear the way. The building of foreign scientific and military settlements in the Canadian Arctic would forever alter the course of the Inuit culture there and with the added western-style health and education systems offered, not to mention access to jobs and food, the indigenous population boomed and changed irreversibly.

Experience, share and enjoy this ancient culture with us on Greenland cruise s.

Inuit history

The technical standards and spirit of their artwork likewise began to decline. Those Inuit still mostly living in camps faced an increasing threat from tuberculosis ; many who contracted the disease had to be treated in sanatoriums in the south. The government felt the need to exercise governmental control and sovereignty over the territory. Traditionally, women have often assumed a secondary role in Inuit society. After people died, their names were given to newborn infants, who were thereby believed to inherit the personal qualities of the deceased. In these cases, the family would later celebrate together and the woman would then join the husband's territory. There are approximately 30, on the Aleutian Islands and in Alaska, 25, in Canada, and 1, in Siberia. Linguistically and culturally, the Inuits are more closely related to indigenous Mongolians of Fareast Asia then, say, Native Americans. According to elders, women had to abide by more rules than men because of their menstruation and some rules were not only considered tradition, but also taboo if not followed. However, many of native religious beliefs still linger. The first Inuits enjoyed a diet that primarily consisted of fish-meat and fat, with whale, walrus and seal making up the largest portion of their diet. They have wholeheartedly adopted much of its technology, as well as its food, clothing, and housing customs. As a consequence, the Inuit of that area lost their food supply. The East Greenland — Scoresby Sund cruise crosses the Arctic Circle into the home waters of multiple species of whale.

The dwellings were always located near the sea so that the Inuit could easily get to their kayaks when hunting for seals. Aurora Borealis, in Lapland.

inuit religion

Yet in this really interesting articlevarious well-based explanations are given as to why that may be. During menstruation, women were expected to follow certain practices including, 1 not sitting where men sat, 2 using rabbit skin, foxes [19] or mosses [20] and other garments, with the exception of men's garments, for sanitary padsand 3 laying rabbit skin on the bed at night to soak up blood.

Of course, irrespective of names, the cultural and ethnic similarities of people across the Arctic region cannot be denied. They report that the land and the sea ice are changing. At the same, time women were required to know how to hunt and be able to help with igloo building.

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The Arctic’s Inuit Culture